Misharum or Mīšaru (Misharu) was a Mesopotamian god known for the personification of justice or equity and also referred to as divine judge. He was sometimes associated with other deities like Kittu or Išartu ( both are Mesopotamian goddesses). It is thought that he was the son of Adad, a god of weather, and his wife Shala. He was the tutelary deity of a city of Eshnunna kingdom, Dūr-Rīmuš. He was worshiped in many regions of Mesopotamia such as Assur, Sippar Mari, Suhum and Babylon. He was introduced to the pantheon of Warka, traditionally known as Uruk, in the period of Seleciud.
Some of the interesting facts about this word are given below:
Parents: Adad and Shala
Siblings: Uṣur-amāssu, Menunesi, Šubanuna, Namašmaš
Symbol: Possibly scales
Regarded as: Divine Personification of Justice or divine judge
Belongs to: Mesopotamia
It is a The Akkadian word which means “justice” or “equity”. According to a definition at Wikipedia, the term Misarum can be defined as the concept of “the performance of royal justice and correcting iniquitous situations”. It can also be said to be a sort of edict which was issued by Old Babylonian rulers.
Association With Other Deities
Misharum is said to be the son of Adad who is the god of weather and his wife Shala. His spouse’s name is Išartu. According to Manfred Krebernik and Adad association might be the result of folk etymology linking the former name with the word šarum meaning “wind”. However, Daniel Schwemer assumes the connection of Adad with law. Išartu’s connection with Mīšaru represented the notion of law and order. In Mesopotanain mythology, the divine judge, Musharum is one of the known deities famous for his fairness, wisdom and impartiality.
It is often worshiped as the divine god of justice. According to some sources, the only single temple of Mīšaru is located in Dūr-Rīmuš city of Diyala. He seems to be the member of seven divine judges and deities. In Esagil temple complex, he was worshiped with his father Adad. With the passage of time, his worship declined, but his legacy as a divine god of justice continues till now.
FAQs About Mīšaru
Who is Misharum?
Mīšaru is a divine judge of justice in Babylon. It is the Akkadian word which means “justice” or “equity”.
What is Mīšaru famous for?
It is famous for the personification of justice and considered as a divine god. He has relationships with other similar deities. He played an important role in justice and equality or fairness in his society.
What does Misharum mean?
It is a Akkadian word meaning “justice”, “fairness” or “equity”.
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